All about Criminology Courses
Crime happens all over the world and many people get into crimes because of the kind of associates they have but there are others who love to live a crime free life. Those who love crimes are called criminals and governments have come up with ways and means of ensuring that those who are inclined to do criminal tendencies are locked up away from the innocent people who elect to live a crime-free life.
Criminologists are trained in a subject called criminology which are policing courses taught in special schools called academies. Criminology deals in behavior of social and individual levels, the control, the causes of criminality, management, extent and nature or the crime and this interdisciplinary field deals with social and behavioral services.
These special services are drawn from scholars of law, social anthropologists, biologists, psychiatrists, philosophers, psychologists and sociologists and the people who get this special training are able to detect someone who has criminal tendencies as well as people who may wish to do some criminal act. Humans commit crime so as to avoid getting tired, get easy items and use little force so as to be able to have pleasure later.
Appropriate harshness which can stop individuals from committing crime which include penalties which must outweigh the benefits of the crime and the punishment and severity must be proportionate to the criminal act. The criminology course ensures that the people who learn it know that for effective deterrence of the criminal behavior the punishment must be swift and that it should ignore the unconscious and irrational initiative of the thing that motivated the person to do the criminal act.
Crime is brought about by external or internal factors of the person committing it and this is why it is important to study the way the human behaves and the course includes, social positivism, psychological and biological matters. Criminal courts may sometime rule that a criminal may not be held responsible if there is no reasonable proof which is beyond doubt that a crime was committed.
Reasons for committing crime may comprise alcohol consumption, level of education, poverty, gender and age and the more an individual gets further education the less they may want to get involved in crime just as well as levels of poverty. Crime prevention may be done just as well as reduction measures taken by devising efforts that may harden the target, adding surveillance, adding security patrols, guard presence and putting more street lights may actually be more effective than trying to get those who are trying to commit crime.